Indian National Education Policy 2020 has emphasized the integration of Computational Thinking throughout the school years, starting with the foundational stage. Many countries such as the USA, United Kingdom, Lithuania, Finland, Korea, and Japan have integrated the development of Computational Thinking skills in their curriculum.
let’s understand what Computational Thinking is? how it can be implemented and what is its role in education.
Creative and problem-solving skills are part of 21st-century skills and Computational thinking is all about understanding how these creative and problem-solving skills can be applied to solve a complex problem. Computational Thinking is the process of understanding and finding the essentials, break down the problem into sub-problems, finding the similarities, and devise a step-by-step solution to the problem.
Computational thinking is a timeless, transferable skill that enables you to think more clearly and logically, as well as a way to solve specific problems.
“Computational Thinking is a way of thinking through problems and processing the steps which can lead to a solution, helping develop the capacity and limits of computing.”
The four Key components of Computational Thinking are Abstraction, Problem-Decomposition, Pattern Recognition, and Algorithmic Thinking.
Abstraction: Extracting the important information and Making a problem more understandable by reducing or ignoring the irrelevant and unnecessary details.
Problem Decomposition: Breaking down a problem or task into smaller and manageable parts.
Pattern Recognition: Observing patterns, trends, and finding the regularities and similarities in data.
Algorithmic Thinking: Constructing or devising a step-by-step process to solve the problem.
Implementing CT in Education :
Computational Thinking helps to significantly improve creative and problem-solving skills. Introducing CT at the foundational stage will make it easier to grasp the new way of thinking to solve a problem. At different educational levels, computational thinking can be developed and assessed by integrating it to solve various cross-disciplinary problems. In primary education, CT can be implemented by engaging the students in online and offline activities such as understanding the concept of geometry in alignment with CT concepts. Experimental worksheets can also be a bridge to build the CT and other foundational concepts for example syntax and semantics in languages.
In secondary education, Computational Thinking can be introduced to build the concepts in English, history, math, science, second languages, and other core and elective subjects that support problem-solving across all disciplines. coding, programming, and logic-based approach can also be used to build the CT skills in secondary and higher secondary students.
The creative use of digital technologies to solve problems is also related to computational thinking as a set of cognitive and metacognitive strategies in which the learner is engaged in an active design and creation process and mobilized computational concepts and methods.
Effective implementation of CT includes Modelling, Integrating, encouraging, fostering, and evaluating to reinforce the students’ learning outcomes. CT is a mental tool that helps to reshape the creative and problem-solving skills, to develop attitude and competencies and, to become enablers.